Research and website created by E.M. Wolfert, N.D., Ph.D.


Educating Intelligent Human Beings on the TRUTH about these Amazing Creatures

(All this information has been thoroughly researched and documented. Please see "References")


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The truth shall set you free!

FALSE: They ruin the grass.

THE TRUTH: The truth is that their droppings make GREAT fertilizer, great for the plants and grass

See the excerpt below "Muscovy ducks in the Yard" taken from

"This is a picture of my back yard. Some of the wild Muscovies are in the front of the picture, and far behind out by the lake is some wild white Ibis.

Do I mind all these fowl being in my yard? Do they hurt my grass? Look at the picture. Have you ever seen thicker greener grass than this? I have NO sprinklers in the back yard either.

The Muscovies take good care of my yard, it is them, that make it so beautiful! They are always invited in my yard, and yes, even on my patio, their poo is nothing to hose off, and it is great for the grass and plants.

Their poo also is not like a dog or human poo, if you step in dog poo, dog poo stinks and is hard to get off, you have to dig it off, where Ducks poo you just wipe your foot in the grass it wipes right off, it is not greasy, it is natural, and it does not stink. You can also hose it off very easy.

Look at what the ducks did to my Cypress Tree! Cypress trees are usually pretty scroungy, but this one where the ducks lay under it is so full, that it is weighted down with limbs.

This tree is absolutely BEAUTIFUL!! You can see some ducks under it here. I named this tree my "Carmen Miranda"  tree. You can look at it and see why ;)

Notice that it is LOADED with little white cones, so much that it looks like snow. This is only from the ducks, otherwise it would be just a regular Cypress tree.


Here is a picture that you can see more of the ducks with the tree,
they lay under it, and love it.

So don't let no one kid ya, their droppings make GREAT fertilizer.

I was looking out my window at the Muscovies and the squirrels and birds all eating together in harmony on my patio, and this song (What a Wonderful World) was playing while I was watching them, and it was so nice and peaceful, and I was thinking, it could be a wonderful world, if only people could get along like these fowl and animals, and if people would just live, and let live.

You know, people are predators. All that have eyes in the front of their head is considered a predator. Those are people, dogs, cats, lions & tigers & bears, and eagles, hawks, owls, etc.

BUT, ducks, birds, deer and other fowl and animals that have eyes on the sides of their head, is not a predator. They are the gentle ones, and the gentle ones are the ones that ignorant people kill!

The difference in people and animals is people have minds to think, and also the way people are brought up. A person can be brought up right, or wrong. If wrong, then they are worse than a animal predator, because the animal is innocent, it usually only kills to eat."

(Note: If there are areas in our community where the grass is not growing it's simply because of the extreme shade some trees give out, also some trees roots extend far above the ground and this also contributes to the problem... but it is NOT because of the ducks.

We can testify that when we moved here, over two years ago, there was very little grass in front of our unit -we had two huge very dense trees that provided continuous shade-  we even bought $60 dollars worth of grass and planted it, but had no success in keeping it up.... it was until after the Hurricane, and after all the debris and fallen fences had been removed that the grass started to prosper... this was because  one of the trees that was providing so much shade before was totally gone and the other one was partially destroyed and had barely any leaves on it... plenty of sun now, plus our constant watering, has finally helped the grass grow!)


FALSE: They carry diseases.

THE TRUTH: Muscovies do NOT carry diseases to people, and they do NOT carry diseases period. In fact they are very resistant to diseases, and very seldom get sick . They are hardier are more robust than any other duck breed. As any living person or creature, ducks can occasionally get ill, just as any bird of fowl can, this does not mean they carry diseases.

Note: Because humans constantly putting poisonous pesticides and chemicals in the water (eg. to kill the saw grass) the ducks vital source of protein is being killed also, like small fishes, algae's, pollywogs... therefore some ducks have been found with anemia (this is very obvious as they lose color around the eyes and become listless) fortunately is easily overcome by supplementing with whole grains.


FALSE: They are not clean.

THE TRUTH: They are very clean also. They take from 3 to 10 thorough baths a day!

Their droppings are soft and wash down with a hose very easy, and it is very good fertilizer. The Muscovies get blamed for other creatures droppings too, like doves, egrets, ibis, iguanas, raccoons, feral cats and toads .

The toads, for example, come out at night all over Florida. And leave their droppings all over the place. Their droppings are hard and do not wash down easy. Guess who gets the blame for the toad droppings?
Yep... the ducks.

It is very easy to tell the duck dropping. It washes down easy, all duck dropping washes down easy. If it has sat in the sun and dried up, it turns into a grainy dust pretty quickly,  it just needs you to shower it to get it wet, and it will loosen right up and hose off easy. If it is hard to wash down, then it is NOT duck dropping. The duck dropping IS great for your grass and plants.

NOTE: Dove, ibis and egrets droppings are white and/or creamy color and are difficult to rinse. And yes! the ducks get blamed for that too!


FALSE: They attack people.

THE TRUTH: It is NOT true that Muscovies attack people. They even run from a bird!

A female may threaten you if she thinks you are after her babies or near them, but not otherwise. This is normal with all fowl and birds, and any animal just protecting it's young. The male Muscovies fight with each other at times during mating season, but other than that, they never bother anything outside of their own. Of course, do not ever let infants around any animal, you just do not take a chance no matter how safe it is.

The only times a Muscovy will get rowdy with people, is... if you have raised them from babies, some of the ones you raise, will want to play with you every time they see you, just like a puppy, and will come after your feet, just like some dogs do, they have that kind of personality...  they are not being mean, they just want to play. It gradually leaves as they mature, but these are the ones, who when they grow up, are your best and closest to the people that have raised them. This does not happen though, unless the duck is very familiar with you, and has been raised by you. Each Muscovy has it's own personality, some are more playful, some are more shy, etc.

The Muscovies are quiet, as a matter of fact, they are about the quietest duck there is. The other wild ducks are the noise makers. The Muscovies do not hurt any thing or any one. They do not mind living right with us. They are so easy going that they put up with humans, no matter what, even when we humans have invaded their territory.

Farm ducks, for example, like the Pekin, Sweeds, Campbles, Mallards, etc... they all dive in to the feed dish like they are starved, all pushing and pulling at each other to eat, while the Muscovies all stand back, and wait till the others are all done, then they go over and eat. The Muscovies will get after each other, but they do not bother the other ducks (or other animals) at all. It is the other ducks that get after them.

The Muscovies are so nice and easy going that it is remarkable. There is a definite difference, the Muscovies are very special!


FALSE: They overpopulate easily.

THE TRUTH: The truth is that a Mama Duck, with a bunch of ducklings, will never end up with all of them. She will be lucky, if she ends up with one or two. Rarely do they end up with more, and 95% of the time, they end up with none, after all their hard work. It is a torturous hell what the poor female duck has to go through, to try to have her little family... just to loose them all usually within a few days to the many predators like snapping turtles, great white herrings, raccoons, hawks, cats, snakes, etc.

For people who are raising ducks and don't want to have an over population of ducks, it is quite simple to keep down the population if you check out your yard a couple times a month, and gather the eggs when the mother is off the nest (she gets off the nest usually once a day at the very beginning of the 35-37 days of the incubation period).


FALSE: They are different or ugly.

THE TRUTH: Fortunately many people think the Muscovy is a very handsome duck. The red flesh on the Muscovies face is just skin. It is basically what distinguishes them from other ducks. It is very soft. The ball on their nose is their wattle. Some of the ducks have black skin instead of the red. The red bumps are not warts, they are just little soft caruncles, not hard and crusty like warts. People get warts, not ducks!

Most of the ducks have a normal amount of the caruncles, but there are some of the ducks that get too many of them, and then some people think they are ugly. Don't be silly, they can't help that, just as you can't help it if you are ugly! The ones that have too much of it, usually are the older ducks, and usually the males that have been in many fights with other ducks. They get a build up of the caruncles anywhere they would scar at, and when the males fight, they grab each other by the head and neck, injuring these areas, and then the red caruncles form more as scar tissue and for protection, something like we get calluses to protect us.

Occasionally you may see some of it on other parts of the body, this is a place where they have been injured, and it formed as a scar. The older females get more of it on the back of their neck, this is because when the male jumps her to mate, he holds her head by the back of the neck, and it forms scar tissue there also for protection. The females that get more of it than the other ones, have been jumped more than the other ones. Poor things, they don't have much say about that... the life of the female ducks, is not very easy.

The more you get to know them, the less you even notice the caruncles, they only look bad on the ducks who have a over amount of them anyway, and for the special duck that they are, it is easy to not even notice them.


FALSE: They bring mosquitoes and flies.

THE TRUTH: In fact The Muscovy original name was "Musco Duck", because it is known as the "Mosquito Duck",for eating mosquitoes.

Muscovy ducks control flies and other insects the natural way. They are particularly helpful controlling flies, mosquitoes larvae, mosquitoes, grasshoppers and locusts. In areas where rice is grown, Muscovies eat snails and slugs. If you put them in a pen with cows or calves they will eat most of the flies. In one experiment where two year old Muscovy ducks were put in cow pens, the fly population was reduced by 80 to 90 percent!

An area in South Florida where the lawns are wide and the minds are narrow, that had Muscovies, and that never had a mosquito problem, decided to get get rid of all of their Muscovy Ducks, and before you knew it, they had a terrible mosquito infestation... they had to get a pest control company to come in and spray with dangerous pesticides. They were fine until they got rid of the ducks!!!  The Muscovies help tremendously, to keep down the mosquito population.


FALSE: Muscovies  cause algae or pollution in the water.


THE TRUTH: Muscovies DO NOT cause algae or pollution in the water...  they eat algae, they do not cause it. They also eat a lot of the weeds around lakes and ponds and canals, and by doing so they are actually helping us to keep the water clean.

People and things rotting in the water cause most of the problem. Pine needles, trees shedding, and also the ones that go dormant in the winter, all shed their leaves in the water. The holly trees and other trees that produce berries, drop their berries in the water. The holly tree berries are already poisonous, but when they fall into the waters, and rot there they create a bad botulism, and pollution. But the worst of all, is people. They throw everything in the water!

It is ridiculous to blame the algae and pollution on the ducks, when it is mostly the people who are the cause. Duck droppings are very natural. If the ducks were guilty, then the fish would be much more guilty, cause there is a awful lot more fish droppings in the water, than there are ducks. It would have to be a small lake with a AWFUL LOT of ducks on it, for the ducks to be part of the cause.

The City of Plantation, the Wild Life and Operation Habitat

Published in the "Plantation Quarterly" Newsletter - Winter 2006



Muscovy ducks are unusual Florida residents. They hiss instead of quack, they fly clumsily, and they somehow flourish in Florida’s urban environment. Native to Central and South America, they have lived in Florida for many years and can be found near lakes and canals statewide.

The Muscovy duck is easily recognized by large patches of red, bumpy skin around their eyes and bill (females have smaller patches of red than males).

Unfortunately, these very personable and intelligent animals are commonly harassed or worse by human residents of our state.

ARFF is contacted on a regular basis by individuals and municipalities seeking a solution to “problems” with Muscovy ducks. Sometimes, their hissing is misinterpreted as aggression (in fact, they are very friendly animals). Most often, the complaints are that the ducks are “messy,” fouling golf courses or condominium walkways.

It is difficult to imagine that bird droppings could warrant enough anger in people to drive them to attack the responsible animals. Sadly, Muscovy ducks in Florida have been kicked, chased with brooms, deliberately hit with vehicles, beaten to death and shot.

Muscovy ducks are protected from harassment and inhumane killing under Florida’s anti-cruelty statute (828.12). Prosecutions of individuals causing pain, injury or death to ducks have occurred under the statute.

Egg Collection: Fortunately, there are simple and effective ways of limiting populations of Muscovy ducks. The most humane way to reduce a duck population, or to keep Muscovy ducks from reaching “nuisance” numbers, is to remove newly-laid eggs.  Egg collection can be a challenging process. Please contact ARFF for tips on how to properly collect eggs.

Do Muscovy ducks carry disease?
There is no evidence that Muscovy ducks transmit disease to humans, or otherwise pose a public-health threat.

What about trapping?
Trapping and relocation may sound like a good option, especially when disreputable trappers give only vague information about the ultimate destination of the animals. State law does not allow Muscovy ducks to be relocated to public lands (Captive Wildlife Regulation 372.265).
The truth is that when ducks are removed by trappers, they will most likely be killed.

Ducks who are not killed right away may be transported long distances in cramped cages to farms that will kill them for meat or exploit them for their eggs. The practice of trapping and removal can also injure animals. ARFF has received complaints about cruel trappers who only remove adult ducks, separating mothers from their offspring, leaving orphaned ducklings behind. In addition, trapping is expensive and ineffective as a long-term solution.

1431 N. Federal Highway • Fort Lauderdale, Florida 33304 • (954) 727-ARFF

Muscovy Ducks to be designated as
a Florida native specie

Category: Animal Rights
Region: United States of America
Target: Florida



We, the undersigned, are calling for the abolition of cruelty to Muscovy Ducks in the State of Florida and asking that they are designated as a Florida Native species.

One of the main reasons the Muscovy duck was brought to Florida several hundred years ago, was to help keep down the mosquito and bug population. There are billions of insects on an acre of land, and the Muscovy ducks are worth their weight in gold at eating mosquitoes and insects; including mosquito larva. They also eat flies, maggots and roaches.

Muscovies do not cause pollution in the water and do not cause algae... they eat it, they do not cause it.

The Muscovy duck is very friendly and loved by many people who take the time to get to know them. There are a lot of lies spread about these ducks. These ducks are not aggressive towards human beings in any way.

They also do not carry diseases. As any living person or creature, ducks can occasionally get ill, just as any bird of fowl can, this does not mean they carry diseases. They are also very clean and take from 3 to 10 baths a day. Their droppings are soft and wash dow with a hose very easy, and is also very good fertilizer.

The Muscovy has the nicest character of any of the breeds with a pronounced sense of humor/ very intelligent and head of any escape committee !

"Duck haven" information below:

**** Trappers do NOT relocate. They KILL. They drug them, maim them, and then gas them. Do not believe the ducks are being sent elsewhere!****

**** Muscovies are not a health hazard. Yes, they may droppings
 on the driveway, but with a little care and patience and a working garden hose, the mess is cleaned up. There has never been a proven incidence where a duck has spread any disease. This is a myth****

**** They are environmentally helpful. They rid our yard of many insects including; mosquitoes and spiders. They also rid out yards of snakes, and small rodents****

**** They've been here in Florida longer than we have! They settled here over 100 years ago****

We want these friendly ducks to be protected. We want to stop the abuse and killings of the Muscovy Ducks. We want to stop the trappers from abusing and killing the Muscovy Ducks.

We want the Muscovy Ducks to be declared native and be protected.

Egrets have only been here for about 50 years and they are protected, yet the Muscovy has been here for hundreds of years and is not protected. We are asking for the Muscovy Ducks to be a native species in the state of Florida.

Thank you!


We, the undersigned, are calling for the abolition of cruelty to Muscovy Ducks in the State of Florida and asking that they are designated as a Florida Native species.




Muscovy, The Ideal Duck

A LOT of LIES are spread about these wonderful ducks caused by arrogant ignorance and stupidity... because of this Muscovies have been horribly abused, tortured, mutilated and killed!

Fortunately, beautiful educated human beings believe the Muscovy duck to be the ideal duck, here are some reasons why:


* Muscovy ducks are inherently healthy, hardy, vigorous and robust, so much so that they are known for resisting diseases, and very seldom get sick.

* Muscovy ducks are very clean, they take from 3 to 10 thorough baths a day!

* Muscovy ducks are particularly helpful controlling flies, mosquitoes, grasshoppers and locusts. Muscovies are unarguably the best all natural fly and mosquitoes catchers. They start young! They learn to catch flies and mosquitoes on their very first day!

* Muscovy ducks are not noisy birds. They don't quack, the females chirp softly and the drakes hiss, and only when they have to -- they're not chatterers like geese, or showmen like roosters. Vocalization is in the form of hissing. They were in the past actually called "the mute duck". Calm birds.

* Muscovy ducks might seem to some as if they had a  fierce expression, because of the red skin round the eyes and down to the beak.... they are, however, very tame and quiet and are personable, interesting birds, and very intelligent. Some of the males may even turn out extra friendly to humans and the females are always just sweet, as sweet as sweet can be, they only get upset if you go near their babies or eggs.

Muscovy Ducks have been a wonder to behold. They are such a magnificent creation. They each have their own personality.

Not only do the Muscovies have many valuable reasons to have them around, they are also fun little guys. They are clean, funny, friendly, and they are like innocent children playing about. They have the charming habit of wagging their tails and butt like a happy poppy and make assorted goofy looking head movements... all part of the endearing way Muscovies communicate. They really do TRY to talk to you and to communicate with you. It is a thrill to know them because they are one of the few wild creatures that you can make friends with.

* Muscovy ducks are "working" birds. They are excellent foragers, in farms they keep all the spilled feed cleaned up, clean all the nummies out of the compost pile, and clean the coops up when they are open. They clean up after other livestock, eating what the others spill or leave.

* Muscovy ducks have the nicest character of any of the breeds. In fact it has been reported over and over by people who have tried lots of different kind of ducks and have found that the Muscovies are the only ones who they've truly taken to... That's mainly because of their character, hardiness, and work ethic.

Muscovy ducks have a pronounced sense of humor and high intelligence. Eg. A duck  discovered that if she walked or flew up to a supermarket automatic door people would feed her to remove you from the area. This particular female was getting so stuffed that she had to waddle her way out very, very slowly... they learn quickly!.

* Muscovy ducks even help keep down the rats because when they are in need of protein they do eat tiny baby rats and also they eat the left over food, then there is none to draw the rats in the night to eat it. The Muscovies have it all gone by the time night falls. They also come in handy because they eat the roaches and other bugs all over the place. One person reported that when they first moved into their new home there were roaches all over their yard, after they brought in Muscovy ducks they never saw any.


In China, they had SO much trouble with Locusts, and NOTHING would get rid of them. So, guess what they tried, and found it worked wonders? Muscovy DUCKS! They took groups of Muscovies and set them free in the fields where the locusts were, and they devoured all of them. It worked so GREAT for them that they have made this a standard practice to solve any similar situations in other areas.


A Muscovy Duck's Heart
Can Also Break!


NOTE: If it wasn't for fowl and birds and lizards, the world would be over ran with bugs and creepy crawlers. Sadly some ugly human beings act like they own the earth... like if they are the only ones God made the world for... if that was so, then God wouldn't have made any animals or birds... the fact is, he made them before he made man... and by the 6th chapter of Genesis, (that's the very first book in the Bible) it says: "And the Lord repented that he had made man on the earth, and it grieved him at his heart."  (Gen 6:6)

References and Links:

Hoffman, Edmund. 1992. A Natural History of the South American Pato, Cairina moschata, the Wild Muscovy Duck. 9th International Symposium on Waterfowl, Pisa, Sept. 16-18, 1992.

BirdLife International (2004). Cairina moschata. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. Retrieved on 11 May 2006. Database entry includes justification for why this species is of least concern

Donkin, R. A. (1989): Muscovy Duck, Cairina moschata domestica: Origins, Dispersal, and Associated Aspects of the Geography of Domestication. A.A. Balkema Publishers, B.R. Rotterdam.

Hilty, Steven L. (2003): Birds of Venezuela. Christopher Helm, London.

Johnson, Kevin P. & Sorenson, Michael D. (1999): Phylogeny and biogeography of dabbling ducks (genus Anas): a comparison of molecular and morphological evidence. Auk 116(3): 792–805.

Stiles, F. Gary & Skutch, Alexander Frank (1989): A guide to the birds of Costa Rica. Comistock, Ithaca

Board on Science and Technology for International Development, National Research Council. (1991) Little-Known Small Animals with a Promising Economic Future. National Academic Press, Washington, D.C.

Blake, E.R. 1953. Birds of Mexico. The University of Chicago Press. Chicago.

Eitniear, J.C., A. Aragon-Tapia, and J.T. Baccus. 1998. Unusual nesting of the muscovy duck Cairina moschata in northeastern Mexico. Texas Journal of Science

Hilty, S.L., and W.L. Brown. 1986. A Guide to the Birds of Colombia. Princeton University Press. Princeton, NJ.

Hutt, A. 1967. New ducks for Florida. Florida Wildlife

Kaufman, K. 1996. Lives of North American Birds. Houghton Mifflin Company. Boston.

Peterson, R.T. 1980. A Field Guide to the Birds. Houghton Mifflin Company. Boston.

Scott, S.L. 1987. Field Guide to the Birds of North America. National Geographic Society. Washington, D.C.

Wetmore, A. 1965. The Birds of the Republic of Panama. Part I. Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections vol. 150. Smithsonian Institution Washington, D.C. .

Harvey P. Harman, Ph.D.. Harvey has worked on a community development project in South Africa and now farms in North Carolina, U.S.A.

Heifer Project International, P.O. Box 808, Little Rock, Arkansas 72203, U.S.A. ECHO (Educational Concerns for Hunger Organization), 17430 Durrance Road, North Fort Myers, Florida, 33917 U.S.A.

Helen Cockburn, The complete East African poultry book, (167 pages) from the Textbook Centre Ltd., Kijabe St., P.O. Box 47540, Nairobi, Kenya.

Anthony J. Smith, Poultry, (1990, 218 pages) , published by MacMillan Publishers Limited in cooperation with the Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation, P.O. Box 380, 6700 AJ Wageningen, The Netherlands.

Harlan Attfield, Raising chickens and ducks, (1990, 105 pages) published by Volunteers in Technical Assistance (VITA), 1600 Wilson Blvd., Suite 500, Arlington, Virginia, U.S.A., 22209.

"Natural fly control with the Muscovy duck" pages 30 31 of Countryside and small stock journal, Vol. 76, No. 1, Jan./Feb. 1992.